Mount Semeru and Mount Bromo
Photograph by John Stanmeyer/National Geographic Stock
Some Indonesians believe that belching volcanoes such as Mount Semeru (in background) and Mount Bromo (in foreground) are portals to a subterranean world that has shaped not only Indonesia’s landscape but also its beliefs and culture. A long exposure time captured stars in this photo—and the brief balanced light from both a fading moon and a brightening eastern sky.
Photograph by Mark Bell, My Shot
Construction of Java’s Borobudur Temple, one of the world’s largest Buddhist monuments and a World Heritage site, began in the eighth century, under the Sailendra dynasty. Framed by four volcanoes, it stands 105 feet (32 meters) high.
Goa Gajah, Bali
Photograph by Michael Nichols
The intricately carved walls of Goa Gajah (Elephant Cave) on the island of Bali depict leaves, waves, animals, and demons.
Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta
Photograph by Tony Hartawan, My Shot
Jakarta’s Istiqlal Mosque, one of the largest mosques in the world, can hold more than 70,000 worshippers at a time. Arab traders brought Islam to the region a thousand years ago. Today Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim country.
Photograph by Cho Kok Bin, My Shot
Rice paddies cover terraces built into an Indonesian hillside. Farmers on Java are surrounded by more than 30 volcanoes, which provide the rich volcanic ash that allows them to harvest three crops of rice in a season—unlike farmers on neighboring Borneo, who have only one volcano.
Photograph by Wei Seng Chen, My Shot
Opulent costumes adorn performers in a Balinese barong dance, which brings mythological characters to life in a struggle between good and evil, complete with choreographed fight scenes reminiscent of professional wrestling.
Photograph by Stanislav Fosenbauer, My Shot
Orangutans are native only to Indonesia and Malaysia. The endangered great apes have lost much of their habitat to deforestation.
Raja Ampat Islands
Photograph by Jennifer Hayes, National Geographic Stock
The islands of Raja Ampat may well be home to the greatest biodiversity in the world, with almost 600 species of coral, abundant plant life, and unique creatures, such as a shark that walks on its fins and a shrimp that looks like a praying mantis.
Photograph by Theo Allofs/Getty Images
Komodo National Park is the last sanctuary for the endemic Komodo dragon, native only to Indonesia. Largest of all lizards, it can reach a fearsome ten feet (three meters) in length.
Coral Reef, Sulawesi
Photograph by Tim Laman
Scuba divers explore a coral reef off Manado Tua Island. The island nations of the tropical western Pacific cradle the richest coral life on the planet. The development of reefs owes much to oceanic volcanoes such as Manado Tua, near the northeastern tip of Sulawesi. The submerged slopes of the volcanoes give corals a toehold on which to grow.
Pura Ulun Danu Temple, Bali
Photograph by Muh Aulia, My Shot
The water temple of Pura Ulun Danu on Lake Bratan in Bali serves the faithful in the mountainous area near Bedugul.
Courtesy : National Geographic